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Flora:Early Blue Violet

From Oregon Hikers Field Guide

Early Blue Violets on Neahkahnie Mountain (Steve Hart)
Viola adunca
Violet Family


Alternate Names: Blue Violet, Dog Violet, Hooked Violet, Hookedspur Violet, Long Spurred Violet, Western Dog Violet

Color Purple.jpg
Petals Purplefive.jpg
Origin Native.jpg
Status Uncommon.jpg

Contents

Links


Description

The Early Blue Violet was once common in our area, but the repurposing of native grasslands has cut dramatically into its former habitat. Viola adunca is the sole food source for larvae of the endangered Oregon Silverspot Butterfly.

Dog Mountain (Steve Hart)
Dog Mountain (Steve Hart)
Dog Mountain (Steve Hart)
Hamilton Mountain (Steve Hart)
Dog Mountain (Steve Hart)
Neahkahnie Mountain (Steve Hart)
A Chocolate Lily towering over Early Blues on Dog Mountain (Steve Hart)


Tips on identifying Violets

purple flowers, leaves with very small teeth Early Blue Violet Viola adunca
white or light purple flowers, round leaves with rounded teeth Howell's Violet Viola howellii
white flowers, bottom three petals have purple lines, roundish leaves Small White Violet Viola macloskeyi
small plant, white flowers, bottom three petals have purple lines, roundish leaves, wet meadows and streams Marsh Violet Viola palustris
yellow flowers, light green, heart shaped leaves, style head heavily bearded Stream Violet Viola glabella
yellow flowers, bottom three petals have brownish lines, grows in moist forests, style head lightly bearded Evergreen Violet Viola sempervirens
yellow flowers, bottom three petals have purple lines, leaves longer and narrower than most violets Nuttall's Violet Viola nuttallii
small plant, yellow flowers, bottom three petals have purple lines, round leaves Round Leaved Violet Viola orbiculata
yellow flowers, bottom three petals have brownish lines, leaves darker and hairier than other violets, likes dry areas Canary Violet Viola praemorsa
yellow flowers, bottom three petals have purplish lines, leaves shaped like english ivy, likes dry areas at moderate to high elevations Goosefoot Violet Viola purpurea
dark yellow flowers, leaves are dark and deeply cut, likes pine forests Fan Violet Viola sheltonii
two top petals deep purple, bottom three petals pink with yellow center, leaves are light and lack teeth, likes vernally wet, rocky meadows in the eastern portion of the Cascades Rainier Violet Viola trinervata

Contributors

Oregon Hikers Field Guide is built as a collaborative effort by its user community. While we make every effort to fact-check, information found here should be considered anecdotal. You should cross-check against other references before planning a hike. Trail routing and conditions are subject to change. Please contact us if you notice errors on this page.

Hiking is a potentially risky activity, and the entire risk for users of this field guide is assumed by the user, and in no event shall Trailkeepers of Oregon be liable for any injury or damages suffered as a result of relying on content in this field guide. All content posted on the field guide becomes the property of Trailkeepers of Oregon, and may not be used without permission.