Home  •   Field Guide  •   Forums  •    Unread Posts  •   Maps  •   Find a Hike!
| Page | Discussion | View source | History | Print Friendly and PDF

Beacon Rock Hike

From Oregon Hikers Field Guide

Washington State's Beacon Rock, with Hamilton Mountain in the background. (Jen Thomas)
A look down the trail across the west side of Beacon Rock (Steve Hart)
Looking up at the switchbacks (Steve Hart)
The walk down is easier on the quads, if not the knees (Steve Hart)
The trails at Beacon Rock (not a GPS track) (bobcat) Courtesy: Caltopo
  • Start point: Beacon Rock TrailheadRoad.JPG
  • End point: Summit of Beacon Rock
  • Trail log: Trail Log
  • Hike type: Out and Back
  • Distance: 1.8 miles round trip
  • Elevation gain: 680 feet
  • Difficulty: Moderate
  • Seasons: Year round, except during ice storms
  • Family Friendly: Yes
  • Backpackable: No
  • Crowded: Yes


Hike Description

Beacon Rock is one of the most prominent and distinctive geological features in the Columbia River Gorge, an 848-foot landmark that was once the core of a volcano; what remains is what was not washed away by the massive force of ice-age flooding. It is one of the tallest monoliths (singular piece of rock) in North America, along with California's El Capitan, Georgia's Stone Mountain, and Wyoming's Devils Tower.

The Beacon Rock Trail was built by Henry Biddle and Charles Johnson between 1915 and 1918. That makes it one of the oldest trails in our area. At the time, Biddle owned the rock, so he had complete latitude to blast and bridge his way to the top. Several trailside plaques commemorate his achievement. A November 2015 storm seriously damaged the trail, which was reopened in May 2016.

Beacon Rock was originally named by Lewis & Clark on the Voyage of Discovery in 1805, but in later years was more commonly known as Castle Rock. The original name was restored in 1916 by the U.S. Board of Geographic Names, at Biddle's request. Before Biddle purchased the rock and began trail construction, it had been slated for demolition; the rubble could have been used for either railroad construction or a new jetty at the mouth of the Columbia. Biddle's estate offered the rock and surrounding acreage to the state of Washington for $1, provided it be retained as a public park, a gift Washington State Parks initially declined until the State of Oregon indicated that it would be willing to maintain a state park on the north banks of the Columbia. Washington paid the fee in 1935, and the park now comprises 4,650 acres with nearly two miles of freshwater shoreline.

Today's trail follows Biddle's original alignment, and it could hardly do anything else. After a short stroll through the woods, the trail hits the rock with a vengeance. It's not too steep, and most of the surface has been paved over the decades at one time or another. You'll walk on rock, small patches of cement paving, concrete platform bridges and wooden bridges. The surface is good for normal athletic shoes. The entire trail is a near-continuous series of switchbacks, many of them less than 20 feet long and the trail loops over itself at least twice. I counted 52 switchbacks, while one of my sons counted 54 and the other came up with 49. That says less bad about our educational system than it does good about the distracting views. The trail is completely lined by handrails and is safe for all but the tiniest walkers.

Most of the trail is up the open, west side of the rock, providing views down the river of Angel's Rest and Cape Horn. With little shade or water, this part of the trail can be really hot in the summertime. Beacon Rock actually has two summits and the trail works around the south one and proceeds up the east side toward the higher, north summit. The trail is forested here, but the terrain is still rocky enough to provide great views of Hamilton Mountain and the river toward Bonneville Dam. At the summit, a few quite large stairs lead to the summit pinnacle. Here, trees block a bit of the view, but it's certainly worth seeing.

The wind is usually howling on one side of the rock and dead calm on the other side, creating a dramatic difference in the perceived temperature. You'll need a jacket most days, but you'll carry it a lot.

After you've been up and down Beacon Rock, you may want to try the River to Rock Loop Hike from the nearby River to Rock Trailhead.

Fees, Regulations, etc.

  • Discover Pass required
  • $3 toll each way at the Bridge of the Gods
  • The trail is closed from dusk to 8 a.m. A large, threatening gate prevents access and a sign warns that violators will be cited.
  • Leave your dog behind
  • Restrooms, campground nearby, picnic area at River to Rock Trailhead, interpretive signs


Trip Reports

Related Discussions / Q&A

Guidebooks that cover this hike

  • 60 Hikes Within 60 Miles: Portland by Paul Gerald
  • Day Hikes in the Columbia Gorge by Don J. Scarmuzzi
  • Afoot & Afield: Portland/Vancouver by Douglas Lorain
  • Curious Gorge by Scott Cook
  • Beer Hiking: Pacific Northwest by Rachel Wood & Brandon Fralic
  • 100 Hikes: Northwest Oregon by William L. Sullivan
  • 70 Virtual Hikes of the Columbia River Gorge by Northwest Hiker
  • Day Hiking: South Cascades by Dan A Nelson & Alan L. Bauer
  • Day Hiking: Columbia River Gorge by Craig Romano
  • Oregon Hiking by Matt Wastradowski
  • Washington Hiking by Craig Hill
  • Pacific Northwest Hiking by Craig Hill & Matt Wastradowski
  • Hiking the Columbia River Gorge by Russ Schneider; revised by Jim Yuskavich
  • Day Hike! Columbia Gorge by Seabury Blair, Jr.
  • Washington: The Creaky Knees Guide by Seabury Blair, Jr.
  • Best Hikes With Kids: Western Washington by Susan Elderkin
  • Best Hikes With Kids: Western Washington & the Cascades by Joan Burton
  • Best Hikes With Kids: Oregon by Bonnie Henderson & Zach Urness
  • Best Short Hikes in Washington's South Cascades & Olympics by E.M. Stirling & Ira Spring
  • Take a Hike: Portland by Barbara I. Bond
  • Columbia Gorge Getaways by Laura O. Foster
  • 35 Hiking Trails: Columbia River Gorge by Don & Roberta Lowe
  • Columbia River Gorge: 42 Scenic Hikes by Don & Roberta Lowe
  • The Columbia Gorge: Short Trips and Trails by Oral Bullard & Don Lowe
  • Washington State Parks: A Complete Recreation Guide by Marge & Ted Mueller
  • Washington's Columbia River Gorge: Camping & Hiking by Tom Stienstra & Scott Leonard
  • Washington Hiking by Scott Leonard
  • Pacific Northwest Hiking by Scott Leonard & Sean Patrick Hill

More Links


Oregon Hikers Field Guide is built as a collaborative effort by its user community. While we make every effort to fact-check, information found here should be considered anecdotal. You should cross-check against other references before planning a hike. Trail routing and conditions are subject to change. Please contact us if you notice errors on this page.

Hiking is a potentially risky activity, and the entire risk for users of this field guide is assumed by the user, and in no event shall Trailkeepers of Oregon be liable for any injury or damages suffered as a result of relying on content in this field guide. All content posted on the field guide becomes the property of Trailkeepers of Oregon, and may not be used without permission.